1. كل المواضيع تعبّر عن رأي صاحبها فقط و ادارة المنتدى غير مسؤولة عن محتوياتها
    إستبعاد الملاحظة

Tunisia-Sat Islam :know Islam more

الموضوع في 'English & French Archive' بواسطة Mr.charfy, بتاريخ ‏23 جانفي 2009.

  1. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      23-01-2009 19:35
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    after noticing the respectable number of foreigners and guests to our great forum Tunisia-sat from different countries and nationalities an idea came into my mind which I appreciated a lot and thought that it goes hand in hand with the deepest principles of our dearest forum: introducing our religion (ISLAM) to others specially those who can’t understand Arabic and who cant enter under the religion section yet they need to know more about the religion they always heard about and how Muslims think really not like they (enemies) claim


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    Every member under this thread is asked to put each time a different subject with a good and simple representation in which he speaks about only one base of Islam like al-7adj (pilgrimage) or others in deatails, descriptions, pics, … In order to shape finally a good source for new comers like quiyan (welcome).

    And we all know the benefits out of doing this either earthly or others.
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    Finally, part of our identities Is Islam and we have to be proud of it the way we always do for other features... And I wish for the administration to evaluate this and fix it for the public benefit.
    May god please you all!



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    he literal meaning of Islam is peace;
    surrender of one’s will i.e. losing oneself for the sake of God and surrendering one’s own pleasure for the pleasure of God. The message of Islam was revealed to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) 1, 400 years ago. It was revealed through angel Gabriel (on whom be peace) and was thus preserved in the Holy Quran. The Holy Quran carries a Divine guarantee of safeguard from interpolation and it claims that it combines the best features of the earlier scriptures.

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    The prime message of Islam is the Unity of God, that the Creator of the world is One and He alone is worthy of worship and that Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) is His Messenger and Servant. The follower of this belief is thus a Muslim - a Muslim’s other beliefs are: God’s angels, previously revealed Books of God, all the prophets, from Adam to Jesus (peace be on them both), the Day of Judgement and indeed the Decree of God. A Muslim has five main duties to perform, namely; bearing witness to the Unity of God and Muhammad (peace and blessings on him) as His Messenger, observing the prescribed prayer, payment of Zakat, keeping the fasts of Ramadhan and performing the pilgrimage to Mecca.
    Islam believes that each person is born pure. The Holy Quran tells us that God has given human beings a choice between good and evil and to seek God’s pleasure through faith, prayer and charity. Islam believes that God created mankind in His image and by imbuing the attributes of God on a human level mankind can attain His nearness. Islam’s main message is to worship God and to treat all God’s creation with kindness and compassion. Rights of parents in old age, orphans and the needy are clearly stated. Women’s rights were safeguarded 1,400 years ago when the rest of the world was in total darkness about emancipation. Islamic teachings encompass every imaginable situation and its rules and principles are truly universal and have stood the test of time. In Islam virtue does not connote forsaking the bounties of nature that are lawful. On the contrary one is encouraged to lead a healthy, active life with the qualities of kindness, chastity, honesty, mercy, courage patience and politeness. In short, Islam has a perfect and complete code for the guidance of individuals and communities alike. As the entire message of Islam is derived from the Holy Quran and indeed the Sunnah and Hadith (the traditions and practices of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings on him) it is immutable in the face of change in time and place. It may appear rigid to the casual eye, in actual fact it is most certainly an adaptable way of life regardless of human changes.

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    Islam teaches that the path to spiritual development is open to all. Any individual who searches the One Creator can seek nearness to God through sincere and earnest worship; it is central to establishing a relationship with the Almighty. This positive message for humanity fills hearts with hope and courage. At present there are 1.5 billion Muslims worldwide and they form the majority in more than 50 countries of the world. Today Islam is the fastest growing faith in the world - its beautiful message is reaching millions in the far corner of the earth.
    ..............


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    and here are some good sources and websites that may help


    www.whatsislam.com
    www.islam.com
    www.islamicity.com
    muhammad.net

    ......











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  2. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      23-01-2009 19:42
    History of Islam
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    The history of Islam centers around one person, Muhammad (also spelled Muhammed or Mohammed). He was born around 570 A.D. and was raised by his extended family after the death of his parents. As he grew, he became dissatisfied with polytheism and came to believe in one God, Allah. He began to have religious visions around age 40. During these visions, Muhammad would receive "messages" or "revelations" from Allah. He would memorize them and teach them to his followers. These visions are now recorded in the Qur'an (or Koran). Muhammad continued to receive these visions and messages until his death in 632 A.D.
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    The Expansion of Islam
    Muhammad's new faith was not widely accepted in his hometown of Mecca. Therefore, he and his followers moved to Medina which means "City of the Prophet". This movement is known as the Hijirat or "the flight". It marks the turning point in Islam and serves as the beginning date on Islamic calendars.
    At first, Muhammad was sympathetic to both Christians and Jews, but after their rejection of his teaching, he turned from Jerusalem as the center of worship for Islam to Mecca. He realized he must return to Mecca, and he did, conquering the city. Islam quickly spread throughout the area.
    When Muhammad died, he left no document appointing a successor. Some people thought that one of the original converts who had taught with Muhammad, some wanted a member of a powerful political family in the area, and others felt that 'Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad had been divinely designated as successor. An early believer, Abu Bakr was appointed, but died within two years.
    Eventually, a power struggle developed as different groups of Muslims believed their method of establishing a successor were the best. The largest argument was over whether the successor should be elected or chosen through heredity. This controversy produced two major sects of Islam known as the Sunnis (followers of the prophet's way) and the Shi'a. The Sunnis are the majority in Islam today.
    The Shi'a are the group of Muslims who believe that the successorship should remain within Muhammad's family, and that leaders are spiritually chosen, not politically chosen. They carry with them the pain of Muhammad's son-in-law, 'Ali, who was murdered by Mu'awiya in order to obtain power. Today, the Shi'a dominate Iran.
    Sufism is a mystical branch of Islam. Strict Sufis believe that orthodox Islam is too mechanical and impersonal. This group of Islamic mystics seek for direct personal experience of the Divine. Some Muslims think of Sufism is outside the religion of Islam; others see it as simply the esoteric side of the religion.
    Nationalism in the Arab world since the rise of Israel as a political power has kept Islam strong. It is a rapidly spreading religion because of its cultural and political appeal and its universal message of peace, temperance and the brotherhood of man.







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  3. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      23-01-2009 20:07

    basic parts and bases

    al shahada
    al saleh
    al siam
    al zakeh
    and
    al hadj if possible












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  4. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      23-01-2009 20:10
    the first base :Shahada




    The Shahada, also spelled shahadah, (Arabic: الشهادة aš-šahāda [​IMG] audio (help·info) from the verb šahida "to testify") is the Islamic creed. The Shahada is the Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of God and acceptance of Muhammad as his prophet. The declaration reads: Lā ilaha illa al-Lāh, Muhammadun rasūlu l-Lāh “There is no god but God, Muhammad is the Messenger of God" in English. This declaration is called the Kalima, which literally means "words." Recitation of the Shahadah is the most important of the Five Pillars of Islam for Muslims and is performed daily. Non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam do so by a public recitation of the creed.[1] Technically the Shi'a do not consider the Shahadah to be a separate pillar, but connect it to the beliefs.[2]

    Recitation

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    Arabic text: أشهد أن لا إله إلاَّ الله و أشهد أن محمد رسول الله Romanization: ʾašhadu ʾal lā ilāha illa l-Lāh, wa ʾašhadu ʾanna muḥammadar rasūlu l-Lāh
    A single honest recitation of the Shahadah in Arabic is all that is required for a person to become a Muslim according to most traditional schools.
    In usage the two occurrences of 'ašhadu 'an (or similar) = "I testify that" are very often omitted.

    History


    One of the earliest surviving translations of the Shahadah into a foreign language is in Greek, from the reign of al-Walid I (86-96 AH, 705-715 CE): Οὐκ ἔστι[ν θεὸς εἰ μὴ ὁ θεὸς μόνος·] Μααμὲ[τ ἀπόστολος θεοῦ] (Ouk esti[n theos ei mē ho theos monos;] Maame[t apostolos theou]).[1] "There is no god except for God alone; Muhammad is God's apostle", i.e. "Allah" is translated as ὁ θεὸς and Muhammad is transliterated as Μααμὲτ.
    The Shahada is the Second of the Six Kalimas. The Six Kalimas are recorded in various books of knowledge, and are recited and remembered by Muslims across the globe. The Kalimas were compiled for people to memorise and learn the basic fundamentals of Islam.[citation needed]


    Conditions of the Shahadah






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    There are nine critical conditions of the Shahadah, without which it is considered to be meaningless:[citation needed]

    • Al-`Ilm: Knowledge of the meaning of the Shahadah, its negation and affirmation.
    • Al-Yaqeen: Certainty – perfect knowledge of it that counteracts suspicion and doubt.
    • Al-Ikhlaas: Sincerity which negates shirk.
    • Al-Sidq: Truthfulness that permits neither falsehood nor hypocrisy.
    • Al-Mahabbah: Love of the Shahadah and its meaning, and being happy with it.
    • Al-Inqiad: Submission to its rightful requirements, which are the duties that must be performed with sincerity to God (alone) seeking His pleasure.
    • Al-Qubool: Acceptance that contradicts rejection.
    • Al-Hal-Hal: The Love of Allah, which must be treated with respect.
    • Al- Lalapia: The bond of family and community, who must be taken care of at all risks.

    Differences


    Muslims believe reference to previous prophets as Messengers (rasul), and a few groups (notably certain Sufi mystics) amend the declaration to mention prior prophets whose names are found in the Qur'an.[citation needed]
    Sometimes اشهد ان 'ashhadu ‘an = "I witness that" is prefixed to each half of the Shahadah.
    Sometimes و wa = "and" is prefixed to the first word of the second half of the Shahada.
    Some Indonesian Muslims pray "Allah il Allah" when appealing for God's help. This is an altered form of the first part of the Shahadah.[citation needed]
    Some Shī‘ī Muslims add "and Ali is the wali of God" (wa-‘Aliyun waliyu l-Lāh), but this is not obligatory
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  5. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      24-01-2009 01:45
    Actions For Performing Wudu (Ablution)

    Perform completely the wudu, imitating the method commanded by Allah (SWT) in the Qu'ran:
    Allah (SWT) said, "O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…" (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "Allah does not accept prayer without purification ..." (Sahih - Muslim and others)
    Making Niyyah (Intention) for Wudu

    Before starting the actions of wudu it is necessary to make niyyah. Make niyyah that the act of performing wudu is for the purpose of purity only. Niyyah should be made in the heart because it is an action of the heart and not of the tongue. Niyyah by words is not approved by the Prophet (SAW).
    Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, "Verily the actions are by intention and there is for everyone only what he intended..." (Sahih - Fath-ul-Baaree and Muslim)
    At-Tasmiyyah (Mentioning Allah's Name)

    After niyyah, start wudu by saying aloud or silently:
    "Bismillah"
    (In the Name of Allah)
    Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, "There is no wudu for him who does not mention Allah's name upon it." (Sahih - Ibn Maajah, At-Tirmithee, Abu Dawood, and others)
    Washing Hands Up to the Wrist

    Start by using the left hand to wash the right hand up to the wrist making sure that no part of the hand is left dry, especially between each finger. Repeat three times. Then use the right hand to wash the left hand up to the wrist making sure that no part of the hand is left dry, especially between each finger. Repeat three times.
    Humran (RA) narrates that Uthman (RA) called for water to make wudu and washed his hands three times... then said, "I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) make wudu just as I have made wudu." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
    Washing Mouth

    Take water into the right hand and wash the mouth by moving the water around inside the mouth making sure to reach the back of the throat. Repeat three times.
    Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, "When you make wudu then wash your mouth." (Sahih - Al-Baihaqee)
    Sniffing Water Into the Nose and Then Ejecting It

    Put water into the right palm, sniff the water into the nose and breath it into its backmost part, then eject the water from the nose with the fingers on the left hand. Repeat three times.
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "When one of you makes wudu then let him enter water into his nose, then expel it." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood)
    Abd Khair (RA) said, "We were sitting looking towards Ali (RA) - as he made Wudu - and he entered into his mouth a handful of water with his right hand and washed his mouth and nose, then expelled it from his nose with his left hand - he did that three times, then said, 'Whoever would like to see the way of purification of Rasoolullah (SAW) - then this is his purification.'" (Sahih - Ad-Daarimee)
    Washing the Face

    Wash the face, from ear to ear, and forehead to chin making sure that no part of the face is left dry. Repeat three times.
    Allah (SWT) said, "O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…" (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
    Humran ibn Abaan (RA) narrates that Uthman (RA) called for water to make wudu and so mentioned the way in which the Prophet (SAW) made wudu. Humran (RA) said, "Then he washed his face three times." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari, Muslim)
    Running Water Through the Beard with the Fingers

    Take a handful of water into the right hand and enter it below the chin and rub it through the beard making sure to get all the way down to the roots of the hair.
    Anas (RA) narrates that the Prophet (SAW), when he made wudu, used to take a handful of water and enter it below his chin and rub it through his beard and said, "This is what my Lord - the Great and Exalted - has ordered me to do." (Sahih - Abu Dawood, Al-Baihaqee, Al-Haakim)
    Washing the Hands and Arms Including the Elbows

    Use the left hand to wash the right hand, forearm and elbow, up to and including the elbow making sure that no part of the hand, arm and elbow is left dry, especially between the fingers. Repeat three times. Then use the right hand to wash the left hand, forearm and elbow making sure that no part of the hand, arm and elbow is left dry, especially between the fingers. Repeat three times.
    Allah (SWT) said, "O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…" (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
    Nu'aim ibn Mijmar (RA) said, "I saw Abu Hurairah make wudu - he washed his face and completed the wudu, then washed his right hand until he reached the upper arm, then his left hand till he reached the upper arm" - then in the end of the Hadith he said: "This is how I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) make wudu.'" (Sahih - Muslim)
    Wiping the Head *

    Wipe the head with the fingers of both hands, starting from the forehead, taking them to the nape of the neck, then bring them back to the forehead. Do this one time.
    Allah (SWT) said, "O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…" (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
    The Prophet (SAW) wiped his head with his two hands, moving them forwards and backwards - beginning with the front of the head and (wiping) with them up to his nape then he (SAW) returned them to the place from which he began. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmithee, and others)
    *Wiping Over the Turban

    Men who wear a head piece that is difficult to remove (such as a turban) should wipe over the head covering. Do this one time.
    Amr ibn Umayyah (RA) said, "I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) wipe over his turban and leather socks." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and others)
    *Wiping Over the Turban and Forelock

    If part of the head is uncovered and it is normally so, then it is preferable to wipe over the part that is uncovered along with the turban. Do this one time.
    Shu'bah (RA) said, "The Messenger of Allah (SAW) made wudu and wiped over the front portion of his scalp, his turban and his socks. (Sahih - Muslim)
    *Woman's Head Cover

    As for the woman's head cover, it is also permissible to wipe over it. This would be the case of a woman that has no private place for wudu (i.e. where non-Mahram men or non-Muslim women may see them). Do this one time.
    Umm Salamah (RA) used to wipe over her head cover . (See'al-Mughnee' - Ibn Mundhir)
    Wiping the Ears

    Wipe the ears by inserting the tips of the index fingers into the ears, twist them around the folds of the ears then pass the thumb behind the ears from the bottom, upwards. Wipe the ears with the water used for the head. Do this one time.
    Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, "The two ears are a part of the head." (Sahih - At-Tirmithee, Abu Dawood, and Ibn Maajah)
    From Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) - about the way of performing wudu - he (SAW) said, "Then he (SAW) wiped his head and entered his two forefingers into his ears and wiped the backs of his ears with his thumbs". (Sahih - Abu Dawood, An-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah, Ibn Khuzaimah)
    Ar-Rabee bint Mu'awwidh (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW), "Wiped his head with water remaining in his hand". (Hasan - Abu Dawood and others)
    Washing the Feet and Ankles*

    Use the right hand to wash the right foot up to and including the ankle making sure no part of the foot is left dry, especially between the toes. Use the right hand pinkie finger to wash between the toes starting on the right side of the foot. Repeat three times. Then use the left hand to wash the left foot up to and including the ankle making sure no part of the foot is left dry, especially between the toes. Use the left hand pinkie finger to wash between the toes starting on the right side of the foot. Repeat three times.
    Allah (SWT) said, "O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…" (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)
    "Ibn Umar (RA) said, "Rasoolullah (SAW) fell behind us and then came upon us during a journey, then we found him and it was time for 'Asr - so we began to make Wudu and wipe over our feet, so he (SAW) called out at the top of his voice, 'Woe to the ankles from the Fire. (two or three times)'" (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
    "Al-Mustaurad (RA) said, "When the Prophet (SAW) made wudu he would enter the water between his toes with his little finger." (Sahih - Abu Dawood, At-Tirmithee, and Ibn Maajah)
    *Wiping Over the Foot Covering

    Wiping over the top of the foot covering with wet hands instead of washing the feet is allowed, provided that the foot covering has been put on after performing wudu that included washing the feet. Wipe the top of each foot one time, using the right hand for the right foot and the left hand for the left foot. This is allowed for 24 hours from the time of wudu, if not traveling. After this time the feet must be washed. It is allowed for 3 days from the time of wudu, if traveling. After this time the feet must be washed.
    Amr ibn Umayyah (RA) said, "I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) wipe over his turban and leather socks." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and others)
    Drying the Body-Parts After Wudu

    Drying the body-parts after wudu is a desirable action.
    Aishah (RA) said, "Rasoolullah (SAW) had a cloth which he used to dry himself with after making wudu." (Sahih - An-Nasaa'ee)
    How Many Times For Each Action in Wudu

    Each detail of wudu has been performed by Prophet Muhammad (SAW) once, twice or three times (except wiping of head and ears, these should only be done once). Washing each body-part once is obligatory - and the second and third washings are Sunnah - and it is better to wash three times so as to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW).
    Ibn Abbas (RA) said, "Rasoolullah (SAW) made wudu (washing each part) once." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari)
    Abdullah ibn Zaid (RA) narrates that the Prophet (SAW) made wudu (washing each part) twice. (Sahih - Al-Bukhari)
    Uthman (RA) recorded that he (SAW) washed each of the parts three times. (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
    Beginning With the Right

    Always wash the right hand before the left hand. Always wash the right foot before the left foot. Always wash the right side before the left side.
    Aisha (RA) said, "Rasoolullah (SAW) used to like to begin with the right in putting on shoes, combing his hair, in purification and in all of his affairs." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and others)
    Reading Du'as (Supplications) After Wudu

    After wudu, first say aloud or silently:
    "Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wah dahu la shareeka lahu wa ash hadu an-na muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasulhu"
    (I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and I testify that Muhammad (SAW) is His slave and Messenger)
    Then say aloud or silently:
    "Allah hum maj 'alnee minat taw-wabeena, waj 'alnee minal muta tah-hireen."
    (O Allah, make me one of those who constantly repents to You and of those who purify themselves)
    Rasoolullah (SAW) said, "None of you makes wudu and completes the wudu then says: "Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wah dahu la shareeka lahu wa ash hadu an-na muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasulhu" except that all eight Gates of Paradise are opened for him - so that he enters by whichever he pleases." (Sahih - Muslim, Abu Dawood, At-Tirmithee, An-Nasaa'ee, Ibn Maajah)
    "Allah hum maj 'alnee minat taw-wabeena, waj 'alnee minal muta tah-hireen." (Sahih - At-Tirmithee)
    Actions That Break Wudu

    Actions that break wudu are as follows: that which comes out from the two private parts (front and back) such as urine*, wind, excretion*, blood*, etc., sound sleep while lying down or reclining, touching the uncovered private parts,
    Allah (SWT) said, "…or any of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (sexual intercourse)…" (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "There is no wudu except from a sound or a smell." (Sahih - Ul-Jaarni)
    Rasoolullah (SAW) said, "The eye is the drawstring for the anus, so he who sleeps then let him make wudu." (Sahih - Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah, Ahmad)
    Rasoolullah (SAW) said, "If one of you touches his penis and there is no veil between him and it nor any cover, then wudu has become obligatory for him." (Sahih - Al-Haakim and others)
    *That Which Comes Out From the Private Parts

    Menstruating and post-partum bleeding women are not permitted to pray. Menstruating and post-partum bleeding women must complete their bleeding period and make ghusl (wudu plus bathing the entire body) before returning to their prayers.
    Anyone having a continuous flow of blood, urine or excretion from the privates parts must wash the privates and make wudu for every prayer, after the time has entered. Anyone having continuous impurities from the private parts fall under the rules of istihadah. For more information about itsihadah read Natural Blood of Women by Shayekh Muhammad bin Salih Al-Utheimeen or any other book containing laws from the Quran and authentic Sunnah regarding the natural blood of women.
    The Prophet (SAW) said to Fatimah bint Hubaish (RA), "Give up the prayer when your menses begins, and after it finishes, wash the blood off your body (by having a full shower/bath), and start praying." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari)
    The Prophet (SAW) told Fatimah bint Hubaish (RA), "Refrain from Salat during the days of your normal menses then wash and make ablution for every Salat and then pray even if blood drops onto the mat!" (Sahih - Al-Bukhari)

    Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said,

    "Offer your salat (prayers) the way you see me offering them." (Sahih Al-Bukhari)



    Prayer /Salat

    Muslims pray at least five times a day. Learn all about prayer in Islam - how to do it, when and why. Includes detailed information on how to perform the daily prayers.

    Muslims observe five formal prayers each day. The timings of these prayers are spaced fairly evenly throughout the day, so that one is constantly reminded of God and given opportunities to seek His guidance and forgiveness. Muslims observe the formal prayers at the following times:
    Fajr (pre-dawn): This prayer starts off the day with the remembrance of God; it is performed before sunrise.
    Dhuhr (noon): After the day's work has begun, one breaks shortly after noon to again remember God and seek His guidance.
    'Asr (afternoon): In the late afternoon, people are usually busy wrapping up the day's work, getting kids home from school, etc. It is an important time to take a few minutes to remember God and the greater meaning of our lives.
    Maghrib (sunset): Just after the sun goes down,
    Muslims remember God again as the day begins to
    come to a close.
    'Isha (evening): Before retiring for the night, Muslims again take time to remember God's presence, guidance, mercy, and forgiveness.
    In Muslim communities, people are reminded of the daily prayer times through the calling of the adhan. For those in Muslim-minority communities, computerized adhan programs are available.
    In ancient times, one merely looked at the sun to determine the various times of day for prayer. In more modern times, daily prayer schedules are often printed which precisely pinpoint the beginning of each prayer time

    :dance:
    :ahlan:




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  6. ABOU ASSIL

    ABOU ASSIL عضو نشيط

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      25-01-2009 10:51
    :kiss:VERY GOOD JOB
     
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  7. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      25-01-2009 20:09


    thnx abou assil
    but please for thanking please click here [​IMG]in order to allow me to continue the long presentation thanks again
    :ahlan:
     
  8. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      25-01-2009 20:30
    [​IMG]


    Dress Requirements for Salah

    For prayer to be valid the private areas must be covered with a loose garment so as not to show the privates. Therefore, a man should be covered loosely from the shoulders to the knees. It is prohibited for the lower garment to hang past the ankles, even when not praying. A woman should loosely cover herself completely from head to toe except her face. It is better that she covers her hands with gloves or clothe. The top of her feet must be covered either with a long dress, socks or whatever. She must cover the top of her feet otherwise her prayer will not be accepted. If there are non-mahram men around, the face must also be covered.
    "And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husband’s sons, their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment…: (An-Nur 24:31)
    Aisha (RA) used to say: "When the Verse: "They should cover (draw their veils over) their bodies, faces, necks, and bosoms etc." (An-Nur 24:31) was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their heads and faces with those cut pieces of cloth." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari)
    "O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes of one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed…" (Al-Ahzab 33:59)
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "None of you should offer Salat in a single garment that does not cover one’s shoulders." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari)
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "The part of an Izar (lower-half body cover) which hangs below the ankles is in the Fire." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari)
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "The Salat of a woman, who has reached puberty, is not accepted unless she is wearing a Khimar." (Sahih - Al-Khamsa except An-Nasaa’ee)
    A Khimar is a piece of cloth with which a woman covers her head and neck area. It means that the whole body of a woman should be loosely covered including head hair. - Bulugh Al-Maram
    Narrated Umm Salama (RA): She asked the Prophet (SAW), "Can a woman pray in a long dress and a veil without wearing a lower garment?" He (SAW) replied, "If the long dress is ample and covers the surface of her feet." (Mawquf - Abu Dawud)
    As for the face, it is Sunnah for her to uncover it during the prayer if there are no non-related men around her. As for the feet, it is obligatory upon her to cover them according to the majority of the scholars. Some scholars allow the feet to be uncovered but the majority say it is prohibited to uncover them and she must cover them. Abu Dawud recorded that Umm Salama (RA) was asked about a woman praying in a headcovering and long gown and she said, "There is no harm in that as long as the gown covers the top of her feet." So covering the feet is better and safest under all circumstances. As for the hands, their situation is simpler. If she uncovers them, there is no harm. If she covers them, there is no harm. Some scholars say it is better to cover them. And from Allah comes guidance to the correct path. - Shaikh ibn Baz (rahmatullahi alay)
    The prayer is not valid unless the "private area" is covered, which for the prayer of the adult, free woman implies everything but her face. She is not required to cover her face during the prayer unless there are non-related (i.e. non-mahram) men around her. She must then cover her face except to her husband and her male relatives [within the prohibited degrees of marriage, see An-Nur 24:31] i.e., mahram. - Shaikh ibn Uthaimin
    Locating and Facing the Qiblah (Prayer Direction)

    Wherever a person is in the world, they should face towards the Ka'bah when they are going to pray. The Ka'bah is the sacred mosque in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Facing towards the Qiblah is a very important condition in the performance of prayer. However, if the person is in a place such as a desert, jungle, unknown strange city or a place where he/she does not know the direction of the Qiblah, they should try their best to find out the direction of the Qiblah from others. However, if it is not possible then they should use their best judgment and face in a direction which they think is that of the Qiblah and Allah (SWT) will accept his prayer, Insha-Allah.
    It is important to start the prayer facing the direction of the Qiblah and it does not matter if his direction changes while he is praying (i.e. in a ship, a train, or an airplane, etc.).
    NOTE: Today, a compass is available which gives the direction of the Qiblah. In strange places and airplanes it is a useful instrument to have.
    Allah (SWT) said, "...Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of ******jid-al-Haram (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction..." (Al-Baqarah 2:144)
    Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, "When you stand for prayer, perform wudu perfectly, then face the Qiblah and say takbir." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and Siraaj)
    On the Ground, and on Mats

    If the ground is not too hot, dirty or hard, there is no need for a mat when praying. Prostrating on the bare ground is the best prostration.
    "His (SAW) Companions (RU) would pray with him in the intense heat, so when one of them could not press his forehead against the ground, he would spread his robe and prostrate on that." (Sahih - Muslim and Abu Awaanah)
    Establishing the Sutrah (A Tall Object Just Beyond the Place of Prostration, Within Which Nothing Should Pass)

    Place tall anything just beyond the place of prostration. Things that can be used are: a wall, bed, tall pillow, tall diaper bag, tall purse, tall stick, tree, etc. Anything that breaks the path between the person praying and someone who "may" need to pass in front. It's best to pray facing a wall, bed, or any other type of tall object, so that there will be no need for someone to pass directly in front. Do not mind anyone who passes beyond the sutrah.
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "Do not pray except towards a sutrah, and do not let anyone pass in front of you, but if someone continues (to try to pass) then fight him, for he has a companion (i.e. a Shaitan) with him." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Ahmad)
    "When he (SAW) prayed (in an open space where there was nothing to use as a sutrah) he would plant a spear in the ground in front of him and pray towards it with the people behind him." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
    The Prophet (SAW) said, "When one of you places in front of him something such as the stick on the end of a saddle, he should pray and not mind anyone who passes beyond it." (Sahih - Muslim and Abu Dawood)
    Making Niyyah for Salah

    After facing the Qiblah the person should make niyyah. Niyyah is made within the heart and mind. The person should think about the particular fard (obligatory) or Sunnah (supererogatory) prayer they intend to perform. They should NOT utter the words of niyyah aloud, as this is not an authentic practice or approved by the Prophet (SAW).












    reminder :please use this icon[​IMG] for thanking and you're :satelite:

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  9. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      25-01-2009 20:37
    How Many Rakat For Each Prayer

    Fajr - 2 Sunnah* & 2 Fard
    Thuhr - 2 Sunnah + 2 Sunnah* & 4 Fard & 2 Sunnah
    Asr - 4 Fard
    Maghrib - 3 Fard & 2 Sunnah*
    Isha - 4 Fard & 2 Sunnah*
    *Sunnah prayers are always done in sets of 2 rakat each. This is the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW).












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  10. Mr.charfy

    Mr.charfy عضو نشيط

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      25-01-2009 20:39
    Abbreviations Clarified

    The abbreviation after Allah (SWT) means "Subhana Wa Tala" in Arabic which means "The Sacred and The Mighty" in English.
    The abbreviation after Prophet Muhammad (SAW) means "Sal Allahu Allahi Wa Salam" in Arabic which means "May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him" in English.
    The abbreviation (AS) means "Alayhi Salam" in Arabic, which means "May Allah bless him" in English.
    The abbreviation (RA) means "Radiy Allahu Anhu" in Arabic, which means "May Allah be pleased with him" in English.
    The abbreviation (RA) also means "Radiy Allahu Anha" in Arabic, which means "May Allah be pleased with her" in English.
    The abbreviation (RU) means "Radiy Allahu Anhuma" in Arabic, which means "May Allah be pleased with them" in English.





















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